We don’t know what causes most mouth cancers. Nevertheless, there are a number of elements which are more likely to improve your threat.

Round 90% of mouth cancers will be linked to preventable life-style elements similar to smoking and extreme alcohol consumption.

If you don’t cease or scale back the issues that may put you at better threat, it is necessary that you just do self-checks at dwelling and usually go to your dentist.

Please pay attention to your threat.

The under causes are linked to mouth most cancers.

If any, most or all of those apply to you, this doesn’t imply that you’re sure to develop mouth most cancers.


Smoking tobacco will increase your threat of creating mouth most cancers by as much as ten instances, in contrast with never-smokers. This contains smoking cigarettes, pipes or cigars.

Round two in each three (greater than 60%) mouth cancers are linked to smoking.

There may be additionally proof that second-hand smoke at dwelling or within the office could improve an individual’s threat of mouth most cancers. 


Consuming alcohol to extra will increase your threat of mouth most cancers.  Alcohol is linked to only underneath a 3rd (30%) of all mouth cancers.

Smoking and ingesting collectively will increase the danger of mouth most cancers by as much as 30 instances.

UK tips advocate a most of 14 models of alcohol every week for each women and men.


Many latest studies have linked mouth most cancers to the human papillomavirus (HPV).

HPV is the most important reason for cervical most cancers and impacts the pores and skin that strains the moist areas of the physique.  HPV will be unfold by oral intercourse, and analysis means that it may quickly rival smoking and ingesting as one of many primary causes of mouth most cancers.

Working towards protected intercourse and limiting the variety of companions you’ve could assist scale back your probabilities of contracting HPV.

There are actually HPV vaccines for each women and boys. They had been developed to battle cervical most cancers, however it’s possible that they can even assist to cut back the charges of mouth most cancers. These vaccines are given at age 12 to 13 earlier than sexual exercise begins.

Chewing and smokeless tobacco

Smokeless tobacco is any tobacco product that’s positioned within the mouth or nostril and never burned.

Chewing and smokeless tobacco is extraordinarily dangerous and may considerably improve an individual’s threat of being recognized with mouth most cancers. 

The varieties of smokeless tobacco merchandise most used include a mixture of elements together with slaked lime, areca nut and spices, flavourings and sweeteners.

The terminology for smokeless tobacco varies, however the primary sorts used within the UK embrace:

  • Gutka, Khaini, Pan Masala (betel quid), Shammah and Maras powder (these are sucked or chewed);
  • Zarda, Qiwam, or Mawa (chewed);
  • Lal dantmanjan, Gadakhu, Gul, Mishri, or Creamy Snuff (dental merchandise that are used as toothpaste or rubbed on gums);
  • Nass (can be utilized nasally, sucked or chewed).

Smokeless tobacco is commonly standard with South Asian communities.

Food plan

Round a 3rd of mouth cancers are considered linked to an unhealthy eating regimen and a scarcity of nutritional vitamins and minerals.

It is suggested that you just eat a wholesome, balanced eating regimen together with a lot of fruit and greens every day.

Rising proof additionally means that Omega 3, present in meals similar to eggs and fish, may help decrease your threat. Meals excessive in fibre similar to nuts, seeds, whole-wheat pasta and brown rice, are additionally mentioned to do the identical.

Daylight and sunbeds

An excessive amount of ultraviolet (UV) radiation is a recognized reason for pores and skin most cancers. This could happen both from pure daylight or sunbeds.

Pores and skin most cancers can develop on the lips – as this space is commonly uncovered to UV radiation.

Most cancers historical past

Those that have had a mouth most cancers are at better threat of creating it once more. 

There are additionally different cancers which may imply an individual is extra more likely to get mouth most cancers. These embrace:

  • Oesophagus most cancers (of the meals pipe) 
  • Squamous cell pores and skin most cancers 

Household historical past, genetics and the immune system

Though we have no idea why, there’s a slight improve in threat of mouth most cancers when you’ve got a detailed relative recognized with the illness.

Mouth most cancers can be extra possible for many who carry sure inherited genes. Hyperlinks have been discovered for these with genetic situations affecting the bone marrow, pores and skin or fingernails.

Analysis additionally exhibits these present process remedy for HIV or AIDS, and people taking medicine after organ transplants are barely extra vulnerable to mouth most cancers. It’s because a few of the medicine in these instances can weaken the immune system.

Helpful hyperlinks:

Mouth Most cancers Motion Month is sponsored by Simplyhealth Professionals and in affiliation with the Mouth Cancer Foundation.

We’re proud and delighted to be working alongside each our companions. Their dedication and fervour for elevating consciousness of mouth most cancers is important to the success of our marketing campaign.